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CONJUNCTIONS shortcut Rules in English Grammar

English  Grammar में CONJUNCTIONS का पार्ट बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है , आज हम जानेगे English grammar CONJUNCTIONS नियमो के बारे में जो विभिन्न प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओ जैसे - SSC CGL, BANK PO , SBI PO , CDS में बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण है.  . हम  Grammar के सभी महत्वपूर्ण नियमों को आपको बताएंगे .

English  Grammar CONJUNCTIONS


CONJUNCTIONS

“एक शब्द जिसका प्रयोग वाक्य और शब्दों को जोड़ने के लिए किया जाता है उसे conjunction कहते हैं.”
Ex.-He is honest and she is intelligent
Two and  two make four.
She must work hard, or she will fail.

नीचे दिए गए Conjuction जोड़ा ।
[(As soon………..As), (Both……..and), (Either………..or), (Neither ……….. Nor), (Lest……….. should), (Not only………but also), (Hardly……….. before or when), (Though ……….yet),
(Whether …………..or), (Scarcely…………… when or before), (No sooner………..than)

नियम-1 जब ‘as well as’, ‘along with’, ‘together with’ , ‘No less than’, ‘In addition to’ and ‘Not’ and ‘with’ दो विषयों को जोड़ते हैं तो verb पहले विषय के अनुसार ,होगी.
Ex.-Ram, as well as his five friends, are going.  (Incorrect)
Ram, as well as his five friends, is going. (Correct)

The teacher, along with the students, were going (Incorrect)
The teacher along with the students, was going (Correct)
नियम-2‘A great many’ के साथ हमेशा plural noun और a plural verb का प्रयोग किया जाता है
-A great many students have been declared successful.

नियम-3 यदि दो नियमों को ‘Either-Or’, ‘Neither-Nor’ से जोड़ा जाता है तो निकट वाले विषय के अनुसार verb का प्रयोग किया जाएगा.
Ex.-Either Ramesh or I are  to do this work. (Incorrect)
Either Ramesh or I am to do this work. (Correct)

Neither he nor his friends is reading. (Incorrect)
Neither he nor his friends are reading. (Correct)

नियम-4‘One of’ के बाद हमेशा plural noun का प्रयोग होगा.
Ex.-It is one of the important day in my life. (Incorrect)
It is one of the important days in my life. (Correct)

नियम-5  (Not only - but also)-  यदि Not only का प्रयोग noun से पूर्व हुआ है तो but also का प्रयोग भी noun से पूर्व ही होना चाहिए । not only का प्रयोग verb से पूर्व हुआ है तो but also का प्रयोग भी verb से पहले होना चाहिए।
Ram is not only handsome but also intelligent.
(Here one person - two qualities)

Not only India but also Pakistan is poor.

(Here two persons - common quality)
जब दो विषय को (Not only-but also) द्वारा जोड़ा जाता है तो verb को हमेशा ‘second subject द्वारा दर्शाया जाता है:
Ex.-Not only the students but also the teacher are playing. (Incorrect)
Not only the students but also the teacher is playing. (Correct)

He ate not only bananas but also apples.
He not only comes for swimming but also for coaching the learners. (Incorrect)
He comes not only for swimming but also for coaching the learners. (Correct)

नियम-6 ‘Scarcely’ और ‘Hardly’ का WHEN’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाता है और ‘THAN’ द्वारा नहीं किया जाता.

Ex.-I had Scarcely entered the room WHEN the phone rang.
Hardly had he seen his father when he stopped smoking.

Scarcely had he entered the room when the light came.
Hardly had he reached the school when it began to rain.


नियम-7 ‘Though’ का ‘yet’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाता है और  ‘but’ द्वारा नहीं किया जाता

-Though he is poor but he is honest (Incorrect)
Though he is poor, yet he is honest. (Correct)

Although he is rich yet he is miser.
Though he is lame yet he can walk fast.

नियम-8 ‘No sooner’ का ‘than’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाता है.
Ex.-No sooner had I entered the class than  the students stood up.
No Sooner  did I step out than it started raining.
No sooner did the bell ring than the students came out of their classes.

No Sooner did I see my father than I stop smoking.


नियम-9 ‘Lest’ का ‘should’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाना चाहिए.

Ex.-Read regularly lest you will fail. (Incorrect)
Read regularly lest you should fail. (Correct)
Run with care lest you should fall.

नियम-10 ‘Such’ का अनुसरण ‘As’ द्वारा किया जाता है.
Ex.-Such a boy as I know is at the party.
He is Such a writer as everybody should read his books.

नियम-11 ‘So’ का ‘That’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाता है

-He is so weak that he cannot walk.
He is so handsome that every girl will be ready to marry him.


नियम-12 ‘UNLESS’ एक स्थिति को दर्शता है, इसे हमेशा नाकारात्मक तरीके से प्रयोग किया जाता है. और ‘NOT’ का प्रयोग ‘unless’ के साथ कभी नहीं किया जाता है

-Unless you do not labor hard, you will not pass (Incorrect)
Unless you labor hard you will not pass (Correct)


नियम-13 ‘Until’ समय दर्शता है, इसे भी नाकारात्मक तरीके से प्रयोग किया जाता है और इसके साथ कभी भी ‘not’ का प्रयोग नहीं किया जा सकता.


Ex.-Wait here until I do not return (Incorrect)
Wait here until I Return.(Correct)

नियम-14 ‘Since’ समय का बिंदु दर्शता है और ‘for’ समय की अवधि दर्शता है.

Ex.-He had been reading the book for two hours.
It has been raining since Monday last.

नियम.-15 ‘As if’ is used to convey the sense of pretension.
When 'as if' is used in this sense, ‘WERE’ is used in all cases, Even with third person singular.
Ex.-He behaves as if  he was king. (Incorrect)
He behaves as if he were a king (Correct)


नियम-16 ‘BOTH’ का  ‘AND’ द्वारा अनुसरण किया जाता है (as well as, but) द्वारा नहीं

Ex.-Ram is both tall and handsome.
He will buy both a car and a book.

नियम-17  (Since, Because, For, As) का प्रयोग

Ex.-It has been a year since I saw him
Since he is my father, I respect him.
I respect him because he is my father.
As he is my neighbour, I respect him
As he was not feeling well, he did not eat anything

नियम-18 ‘OR’ एक वैकल्पिक को दर्शाने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है.
Ex.-Do or die.
Your purse ‘OR’ your life.

‘OR’ is used to mean ‘otherwise’
We  must hasten or night will overtake us.

OR is used to show several Alternatives
He may study physics or chemistry or Biology or he may enter into trade.

नियम-19 When, ‘WHILE’ - when  का अर्थ होता है जब । while का अर्थ होता है जबकि । when का प्रयोग उस स्थित में किया जाता है जब कार्य पूर्ण हो जाता है

Ex.- When he came here, she was going to market.
(i)During the time that, as long as
While there is hope there is life.
While he was sleeping, an enemy entered in the house.

(ii)At the same time that
The girl sang while the boys danced

नियम-20 ‘ONLY’ केवल एक conjunction के रूप में अर्थ-Except that
Ex.-A very pretty woman, only she squints a little .

नियम-21  As if/as though  का प्रयोग

Ex,  He behaves as if he were a king.
She orders ad though she were the boss.



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