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A stark(कठोर) choice
THE HINDU, editorial, 25 april 2017

The French follow(पालन करना) their hearts in the first round, and their heads in the run-off(भागना) — or so goes the cliché about France’s politics. But the first round(पहला दौर) of this year’s presidential election(राष्ट्रपति का चुनाव) was held(आयोजित)  in such a highly charged environment (वातावरण)that voters did not have easy choices before them. And the outcome(परिणाम) was unusual(असाधारण), though not totally unexpected(अप्रत्याशित). For the first time in the nearly(लगभग) 59 years of France’s Fifth Republic founded(गणतंत्र की स्थापना)by Charles de Gaulle, neither of(इनमे से कोई नहीं) the mainstream(मुख्यधारा) left and right parties made it to the run-off, a clear indication(संकेत) of anti-establishment(विरोधी स्थापना) sentiment(भावना) running high. All these years, France has been ruled either by a Socialist party leader(सामाजिक पार्टी के नेता) or a conservative(रूढ़िवादी) Republican. In the May 7 run-off, the fight is between Emmanuel Macron, an independent centrist(मध्यस्थ) with no substantial(पर्याप्त) political experience, and Marine Le Pen, the far-right populist leader(लोकलुभावन नेता) of the National Front. Mr. Macron, who campaigned(अभियान) on a pro-Europe political platform with promises of economic reforms and better governance, won 23.75% of the vote, while Ms. Le Pen, who during the campaign repeatedly attacked the EU, globalisation(वैश्वीकरण) and France’s immigration policies(अप्रवास नीतिया) to drum up(खीचना) support, came second, polling 21.53%. François Fillon of the Republican party finished third, while Benoît Hamon of the ruling Socialist(सत्तारूढ़ समाजवादी) Party came a distant fifth.

Opinion(राय) polls predict(पूर्वानुमान) that Mr. Macron will win the second round as a majority(बहुमत) of voters regard(सम्बन्ध) Ms. Le Pen and her party as dangerous for France’s democracy(लोकतंत) and its values. This is not the first time a National Front candidate is entering the second round. In 2002, Jean Marie Le Pen, Ms. Le Pen’s father, shocked(चौका देना) France by making it past the first round, but lost by a massive(व्यापक) margin to Jacques Chirac, the incumbent(निर्भर). Large sections of the French political spectrum, from the conservatives to the leftists(वामपंथी), then rallied behind(पीछे भाग गया) Mr. Chirac to defeat(हार) the far-right(अभी तक सही), Holocaust-denying(सर्वनाश इंकार करना) Mr. Le Pen. This year as well, as soon as(जैसे ही) the results of the first round were out, most of(ज्यादातर) the 11 candidates, including(अंतर्गत) Mr. Fillon and Mr. Hamon, announced(घोषणा की) support for Mr. Macron. If this support reflects(प्रतिबिंबित) in the popular will, Mr. Macron will repeat history. Still, Ms. Le Pen’s chances cannot be ruled out(इंकार). She has brought the National Front from the dark fringes of French politics to the mainstream(मुख्यधारा) by what analysts call “detoxifying” it — toning down the overt racist(जातिवादी) rhetoric(वाक्यपटुता) of her father and broadening(चौड़ा करना) the party’s appeal by mixing a strong anti-globalisation position with extreme nationalism(राष्ट्रीयता). Her attacks on open borders and immigration resonated(समझ में आना/गुंजना) with at least sections of the youth at a time(समय पर) when unemployment is in double digits. In the coming two weeks, the political landscape(परिदृश्य) is likely to get more polarised(ध्रुवीकृत). It is a stark(कठोर) choice for French voters. Their decision will have a profound impact(गहरा असर) not just on France, but Europe as a whole(पूरा का पूरा).

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